Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Hope Lourie Killcoyne

Language: English

Pages: 402

ISBN: 1615301372

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Developing a vitality that has drawn strength from a hardship-filled past as well as optimism for the future, African Americans have transformed the history and culture of the United States. From the abolitionists and civil rights leaders who struggled to secure basic freedoms to the scientists, entertainers, and public servants who have nurtured innovation in their respective fields, African Americans have broken critical barriers for every American. This volume profiles many of those individualsfrom Frederick Douglass to Oprah Winfrey to Barack Obamawhose efforts and ideas continue to enrich the foundations of the nation.

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blues festivals. Over the years, some of Chicago’s premier blues musicians did stints in Waters’s band, including harmonica players James Cotton and Junior Wells, as well as guitarist Buddy Guy. Toward the end of his career, Waters concentrated on singing and played guitar only occasionally. A major influence on a variety of rock musicians—most notably the Rolling Stones (who took their name from his song “Rollin’ Stone” and made a pilgrimage to Chess to record)—Waters was inducted into the Rock

leaving a Las Vegas casino, where he had just attended a prizefight featuring heavyweight champion Mike Tyson, when he was shot by an unknown assailant. The incident, believed by many to be the result of an ongoing rivalry between the East Coast and West Coast rap communities, shocked the entertainment world. Shakur died six days later. In spite of his relatively short recording career, Shakur left an enduring legacy within the hip-hop community. His popularity was undiminished after his death,

Lynch, John R., 80–81 M Mabley, Moms, 279 Mahoney, Mary, 136 Makeba, Miriam, 34 Malcolm X, 30, 34, 54, 58–62, 64, 127, 142, 144, 145, 157, 183, 195, 199, 201, 311, 389 Mandela, Nelson, 185 Mann Act, 265, 358 March on Washington, 47, 52, 57, 64, 69, 183 Marshall, Thurgood, 109, 111–114, 115, 116, 170 Mayfield, Curtis, 293–294 Mays, Benjamin, 48 Mays, Willie, 327, 332–334, 337 McDaniel, Hattie, 181, 187–188, 190 McKay, Claude, 161 McLean, Jackie, 241 McPhatter, Clyde, 279, 287

Houston—to graduate. She passed the Massachusetts bar exam but moved to Tuskegee Institute (later renamed Tuskegee University) in Alabama and taught there for one year before returning to Texas and gaining admittance to the bar there. Jordan was an effective campaigner for the Democrats during the 1960 presidential election, and this experience propelled her into politics. In 1962 and 1964 she was an unsuccessful candidate for the Texas House of Representatives, but she was elected in 1966 to

law, receiving her degree in 1872. Her admission that year to the District of Columbia bar made her the first woman admitted to practice in the District of Columbia and the first black woman certified as a lawyer in the United States. Ray opened a law office in Washington, D.C., but racial prejudices proved too strong, and she could not obtain enough legal business to maintain an active practice. By 1879 she had returned to New York City, where she taught in the public schools. In the late 1880s

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