Faces of Power: Constancy and Change in United States Foreign Policy from Truman to Obama

Faces of Power: Constancy and Change in United States Foreign Policy from Truman to Obama

Language: English

Pages: 864

ISBN: 0231133294

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Seyom Brown's authoritative account of U.S. foreign policy from the end of the Second World War to the present challenges common assumptions about American presidents and their struggle with power and purpose. Brown shows Truman to be more anguished than he publicly revealed about the use of the atomic bomb; Eisenhower and George W. Bush to be more immersed in the details of policy formulation and implementation than generally believed; Reagan to be more invested in changing his worldview while in office than any previous president; and Obama to have modeled his military exit from Iraq and Afghanistan more closely to Nixon and Kissinger's exit strategy from Vietnam than he would like to admit. Brown's analyses of Obama's policies for countering terrorist threats at home and abroad, dealing with unprecedented upheavals in the Middle East, preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and containing new territorial expansion by China and Russia reinforce the book's "constancy and change" theme, which shows that serving the interests of the most powerful country in the world transforms the Oval Office's occupant more than its occupant can transform the world.

Praise for previous editions:

"Systematic and informative... [Brown] has a gift for clear analysis that makes his book a useful contribution to the Cold War literature."―The Journal of American History

"Comprehensive and clear... thorough without ever becoming dull, providing detailed analysis of decisions while never neglecting the environment within which they are made."―International Affairs

"An excellent reference for those interested in United States foreign policy.... Well-written and well-researched, it is appropriate for use in both undergraduate and graduate courses."―International Journal

"An analysis with difference―an important difference. Seyom Brown discusses United States policy from the perspective of how decision makers in the United States viewed their adversaries and the alternatives as those decision makers saw them.... Well worth the effort of a careful reading."―American Political Science Review

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automatic clients. It should not be because of U.S. policy that countries ran to the arms of the Soviet Union or were reluctant to come to the United States to satisfy needs that were not adequately attended to by the Russians. The evolution of Sadat’s policy should serve as a model: let events run their natural course and Arab nationalism would assert itself against Soviet imperialism. The process might not take this course, however, if the United States acted as if it were illegitimate for

influence put the Bush administration on the defensive and according to the president’s political advisers, led to the Democrats taking control of both houses of Congress in the 2006 election. GENERAL DAVID PETRAEUS, THE SURGE, AND THE NEW FACE OF COIN Regarding the 2006 election in the United States as a referendum on the Iraq War, leaders of both parties, analyzing the results, called for a major change in policy. So did the December report of the prestigious bipartisan Iraq Study Group

companies was not yet being lifted—but provided an opportunity to clarify what the Obama administration and the Congress expected of the Burmese regime if progress were to be made toward further normalization of the relationship.40 Then in 2012, with the regime freeing Aung San Suu Kyi and allowing her political party to compete in the national elections in which she won a seat in the parliament, Myanmar became the poster child of Obama’s engagement policy. Myanmar was not about to become an

counterinsurgency/counterterrorism effort in Afghanistan. President Obama announced his new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan on March 27, 2009. The product of a sixty-day effort led by former CIA official and Obama campaign adviser Bruce Riedel—an authority on Afghanistan and Pakistan—the new strategy was not all that new in its basic objective, which President Obama defined as “to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and to prevent their return to either

diplomacy that produced the unification of Germany and its inclusion in NATO, see Mary Elise Sarotte’s excellent study, 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009). 14. Karl Kaiser, “Germany’s Reunification,” Foreign Affairs January 1990, Special issue on America and the World, 179–205; and Robert Gerald Livingston, “Relinquishment of East Germany,” in Staar, East-Central Europe and the USSR, 82–84. 15. Livingston, “Relinquishment of East

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