Lincoln and Grant: The Westerners Who Won the Civil War
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(New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995) [hereafter Groom, Shrouds of Glory], 89. During this undertaking, Grant asked Chaplain Eaton to check on the welfare of the black workers, whom Eaton found were “well supplied with food and blankets.” Eaton, Grant, Lincoln, 44. 39. Bearss, Vicksburg, I, 467–78; Grant, Memoirs, 298–99. 40. Bearss, Vicksburg, I, 479–548; Grant, Memoirs, 299–301. 41. Bearss, Vicksburg, I, 549–95; Grant, Memoirs, 301–2; Groom, Shrouds of Glory, 89–90.
States: Preserving the Union. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2011. ———. Lincoln’s Rise to the Presidency. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007. Hassler, Warren W., Jr. Commanders of the Army of the Potomac. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1962. Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991. Reprint of 1983 edition. Hearn, Chester C. Lincoln, the Cabinet and the Generals. Baton
willing to pay that political price. Following up on his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln wrote to Grant and others in October urging them to cooperate with certain persons in Louisiana and Tennessee in seeking the return of those states to the Union under the “old” Constitution of the United States. In hopes that the threat of emancipation would stimulate their return to the Union, the president encouraged congressional elections in those states.14 By mid-November, the president
in them—if the army had any legs, they could move thirty thousand men down to Lynchburg and catch Longstreet. Can anybody doubt if Grant were here in command that he would catch him.” However, Lincoln did acknowledge that Grant’s successes might have been aided by the lack of administration meddling with his activities.1 Lincoln realized that he and other Washingtonians had been very deeply involved in Eastern, but not Western, military decisions and operations. The president nominated Commander
general I’ve had that didn’t.9 GRANT TAKES THE REINS On March 10, the day after receiving his three-star commission, Grant visited Meade at the Army of the Potomac’s headquarters in Brandy Station, Virginia. Meade graciously offered to step aside as army commander so that Grant could name someone of his own choosing. Meade’s gracious gesture so surprised Grant that if he had any plans of making such a change of command (he may at one time have planned to appoint William “Baldy” Smith),10