Little Crow: Spokesman For The Sioux
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Looks at the life of the Dakota Indian chief and his difficulties with the U.S. federal government during the mid 1800s.
did not reach the Senate until late fall. It listed three main charges of fraud: Ramsey received the treaty money in gold and changed it to paper notes, apparently pocketing a profit; Ramsey and his secretary, Hugh Tyler, took a fee of 10 to 15 percent for acting as attorneys for the claimants in the treaty; and the commissioners “again and again” refused the demands of the Indians that the money be put into their hands so that they could distribute it. See Gorman to Manypenny, August 27, 1853,
Galbraith’s views on “making chiefs,” consult Galbraith to Riggs, February 17, 1862, Riggs Papers, MHS. See also Testimony of David Weston, Sisseton-Wahpeton Claims, docket no. 22524, p. 310; Elizabeth Lawrence, Reminiscences; Hubbard and Holcombe, Minnesota in Three Centuries, 3:285. 13 Galbraith to Thompson, January 27, 1863, HED, no. 1, 38th Congress, 1st session, serial 1182, p. 387; St. Paul Pioneer Press, October 24, 1897; Elizabeth Lawrence, Reminiscences. 14 Holcombe, ed., “Chief Big
Williamson Papers. 14 Riggs to Treat, November 24, 1862, ABCFM Papers; Miller to Sibley, November 21, 1862, NARG 393, “Two or More Names File,” Department of the Northwest, 1862–65; Scout lists, 1863, Brown Papers; Renville, “Sioux Narrative,” Minnesota Collections 10(1905):611; Testimony of “Little Paul,” or Wa-hna-xki-ya, Sisseton-Wahpeton Claims, docket no. 22524, p. 112; Olin to Lieutenant Colonel William Pfaender, February 19, 1863, NARG 393, “Two or More Names File,” Department of the
his catch of fish taken from the Minnesota River within sight of the Indians’ camps. Moreover, the new horde of settlers harvested what little game still remained in the Big Woods and along the Big Cottonwood River, destroying the last vestiges of a hunting economy, and then sold those furs to the traders at the agencies. Nathan Myrick later claimed that fully 25 percent of his business in skins by 1860 came from nonreservation whites.30 Understandably, Dakota hunters slowly came to see these
difficulties and was ambushed, losing half of his command as he and his men prepared to board the ferry and cross the Minnesota River to the agency. The destruction of Marsh’s command gave many warriors the added confidence to carry the war effort beyond the confines of the agency. The tendency to split up into raiding parties, however, and open an onslaught against the surrounding white settlements ruined any chance of overrunning Fort Ridgely, the key to the Minnesota River valley. Indeed,