The People Who Discovered Columbus: The Prehistory of the Bahamas (Florida Museum of Natural History: Ripley P. Bullen Series)
William F. Keegan
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1509–1512. The Empty Islands: Juan Ponce de León, 1513. 206 10. After the End: Reflections on a Paleoethnography What is Real?. A Processual Methodology. Creating the Lucayans. 224 Bibliography 231 Index 271 Page ix Figures 2.1. Bucket Model of a Bahamian Atoll 25 2.2. Wind Roses for Nassau Airport, January–December 1964–1970 28 2.3. Salinas along the South Coast of North Caicos, Turks and Caicos Islands 41 2.4. The Marine Environment from Beach to Deep Water 42
Perfectly regular spacing is identified when LRn equals two. The level of confidence for nonrandom patterns depends on the number of points per pattern. When only 10–20 points are used, LRn must exceed 1±0.5 to achieve a 95 percent probability that the pattern is nonrandom (Pinder and Witherick 1975: figure 3). The number of Lucayan sites per island falls within this range of potential random matching.
dimensions. The traditional outline of Caribbean prehistory reads as follows: The Ciboney were the last in a line of people who lived by hunting, gathering, and fishing whose ancestors arrived in the Greater Antilles at least 9,000 years ago (Veloz and Vega 1982). By the time of Spanish contact they had been pushed into peripheral
assemblages at Lucayan sites in the Bahama Islands, and about 10 percent of the assemblages at sites in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Such heightened participation in longdistance exchange is consistent with Columbus's report (Dunn and Kelley 1989) that a "King" (paramount chief) who held hegemony over all of the central Bahamas resided on Acklins Island (Keegan 1984a; Keegan and Mitchell 1986).
They certainly did not suffer from the nutritional and dietrelated disorders of other prehistoric horticulturalists in the West Indies (Budinoff 1987) or elsewhere (Cohen and Armelagos 1984). Yet the Lucayans' selectiveness in their food choices proves that they were careful consumers who based their subsistence practices on the costefficient capture of nutritional currencies. Appendix